Perfect Italian Meringue: A Fluffy Cloud of Sweetness

Easy Step-by-Step Guide to Classic Italian Meringue

Discover the magic of Italian meringue – a versatile, glossy confection that’s the secret behind heavenly buttercream frostings, dreamy meringue pies, and luxurious mousses.

Italian meringue is culinary alchemy at its finest. Watch in awe as humble egg whites transform into billowing peaks of sweetness, creating a treat that’s part marshmallow, part whipped cream, and entirely delicious. This kitchen staple is the foundation for countless beloved desserts, from the dramatic peaks of a Baked Alaska to the silky smoothness of a perfect buttercream.

The Science Behind the Fluff

At its core, meringue is a brilliant fusion of egg whites and sugar. The addition of an acid, typically lemon juice or cream of tartar, enhances stability. As you whip, egg proteins unfold and embrace air bubbles, creating a structure that grows increasingly refined. The result? A glossy, shaving cream-like texture that’s as versatile as it is delightful.

While French and Swiss meringues have their place, Italian meringue reigns supreme in stability and versatility. By drizzling hot sugar syrup into whipping egg whites, we create a safe-to-eat, ultra-stable meringue perfect for frostings, fillings, and more. With a good thermometer and a few key tips, you’ll be crafting perfect Italian meringue in no time.

Master Meringue: Top Tips for Success

  • Sugar Syrup Savvy: Aim for wet sand consistency when mixing sugar and water. It’s the foundation of a perfect syrup.
  • Clean Sides, Clear Results: Wipe down your pan with a wet pastry brush to prevent sugar crystallization.
  • Temperature is Everything: Use a candy thermometer to hit the perfect 240°F (soft ball stage) for your syrup.
  • Fat is the Enemy: Ensure all equipment is spotlessly clean and free from any grease.
  • Room Temperature Rules: Egg whites at 70°F whip up faster and incorporate sugar more easily.
  • Patience Pays Off: Whip at medium-high speed to avoid overbeating and potential collapse.
  • Sugar’s Secret Power: The 2:1 sugar to egg white ratio isn’t just for sweetness – it’s key to stability.
  • Acid for Assurance: A touch of lemon juice or cream of tartar helps create a more flexible, stable foam.
  • Fresh is Best: For maximum stability, opt for the freshest eggs you can find.

Heavenly Italian Meringue Recipe


  • 1 cup sugar (7 ounces; 200g)
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 4 large egg whites, at room temperature and preferably from fresh eggs (see note)
  • 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar, lemon juice from 1 lemon, or 1/2 lemon (see note)


  1. Create your sugar syrup by combining sugar and water in a small saucepan. Heat over high, stirring only until it boils. Once boiling, let it be. Cook until your thermometer reads 240°F (115°C). Keep the sides clean with a water-dipped pastry brush as needed.
  2. While the syrup cooks, whip up your egg whites. Combine them with cream of tartar or lemon juice in your stand mixer bowl. Whisk at medium speed until soft peaks form – when lifted, the whites should create gentle peaks that slowly melt back into themselves. This usually takes about 2 minutes.
  3. Now for the magic moment! With the mixer running, slowly and carefully drizzle in your hot sugar syrup. (Remember, hot sugar can be as dangerous as hot oil, so exercise caution.) Crank the speed to high and whip until you reach your desired consistency. Soft peaks are perfect for aerating mousses, while stiff peaks are ideal for buttercream.


For meringue perfection, use the freshest eggs possible at room temperature.

Pro tip: To easily clean your sugar-coated saucepan, fill it with water and bring to a boil. The heat will dissolve any stubborn sugar residue.

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
132 Calories
2g Fat
25g Carbs
3g Protein
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 8
Amount per serving
Calories 132
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 2g 3%
Saturated Fat 1g 4%
Cholesterol 93mg 31%
Sodium 36mg 2%
Total Carbohydrate 25g 9%
Dietary Fiber 0g 0%
Total Sugars 25g
Protein 3g
Vitamin C 0mg 0%
Calcium 15mg 1%
Iron 0mg 3%
Potassium 66mg 1%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

You may also like: